What is Vata Dosha? & How to balance it

What is VataDosha

The word Vata means to blow or to move like the wind. Containing the elements like air and space, Vata manages all the movements in the mind and body. It controls blood flow, evacuation of wastes, breathing and the movement of thoughts across the brain. Vata is dry, cold, light, moving, changeable, subtle, rough and quick.

Since Pitta dosha and Kapha dosha can't move without it, Vata is viewed as the pioneer of the three Ayurvedic Body Types . It is very essential to keep Vata in good balance.

Vata Dosha Characteristics

Vata dosha is best understood by its segment parts, its subdoshas, which are the five types of vata or five types of movement. Each subdosha explains a direction of movement and controls specific actions in the body.

The five subdoshas are:

  • Prana Vayu

  • Samana Vayu

  • Vyana Vayu

  • Udana Vayu

  • Apana Vayu

PranaVayu: (Forward-moving air)

Primary air or nervous force, reaches out from the stomach to the throat, focused in the cerebrum, administering inhaling and swallowing, and also sneezing, spitting and belching; it is accountable for taking things like food, water and air into the framework. It controls the senses, brain, heart and consciousness. It is our segment of cosmic life energy and coordinates the otherVatas in the body. It decides our motivation or positive spirit in life and connects us with ourinnerself. The term 'Prana' is likewise utilized as a part of a more extensive sense to demonstrate Vata in general, as all Vatasderive from it.

SamanaVayu: (Equalizing air)

Extends from the stomach to the navel, centered in the small intestine and the nervous system behind the digestive framework. It is responsible for digestion and assimilation, and helps keep Prana and Apana balanced. Samana vats keeps equilibrium and balance in all the bodily frameworks. Read more on how to improve digestion.

VyanaVayu: (Pervasive air)

Pervades the whole body from its seat in the heart, dissemination of nourishment by making blood and different liquids to circulate, and producing locomotion, extension and contraction, perspiration and other such actions (discharge of impulses and secretions)

UdanaVayu: (Upward moving air)

Extends from the throat to the highest point of the head, situated in the chest and centered in the throat, it controls exhalation and speech, endeavour, enthusiasm, memory, energy, complexion (one of the body's methods for communicating its inborn condition of wellbeing). Udana decides our desires in life. At death it ascends from the body and guides us towards different unpretentious universes as indicated by the energy of our will and the karma that travel through it. At the point when completely created it gives us the ability to rise above the external world, as well as mystic powers. The practice of Yoga is involved principally with developing Udana. Read more on the various advantages of yoga.

ApanaVayu: (Downward moving air)

Extending from the navel to the anus, centered in the colon. It is responsible for elimination, urination, menstruation, parturition and sexual activities. Apana, the descending air,carries life-force down and brings about the devolution or limitation of consciousness. Apana backs and controls all the other forms of Vata, and disturbances of it are the basis of most Vata issues (as the colon is Vata's primary seat). As a downward moving force, when it is exasperated it causes decay and disintegration. Thus, the treatment of Apana is the primary consideration in the treatment of Vata.

How to Balance Vata Dosha

1. Stay warm and stay calm:

When you are relaxed, you likewise feel cheerful and well. It helps to have a warm, comfortable place to be, a warm bed, and a hot water shower. Ayurveda additionally prescribes applying oil and massaging the body as the most ideal approach to balance Vata. You can have a conventional Ayurvedic body massage, called Abhyanga, or you can do a self-massage. Following that, different steam and heat treatments help to balance Vata. You can utilize electric warming pads, hot stones, or a steam chamber. During ancient days, they would heat a big stone, and a man would lie down on the stone, which would take away the abundant Vata. So various types of steam and heat treatments are prescribed to the various type of Vataimbalace.

2. Nourish Yourself:

One of the major factors that influence Vata is food. Cold food, frozen food, large beans, dried food and foods with bitter, astringent, and pungent flavours aggravate Vata. However, consuming sweet, sour, salty flavours with sweet, oily and rich foods can help balance Vata. Food with heating affect balances Vata, while food that is cold and frozen disturbs the balance. Therefore, it is essential to understand how various types of food will affect your constitution.

3. Find stability through Meditation:

Meditation helps balance and calm Vata along with the massages, various steams and heat treatments. With these life supporting habits, more or less, Vata can be balanced and the small aches and pains in the body disappear. These positive actions helps balance Vata.

The physical makeup is divided into seven substances: blood, muscular tissue, fat tissue, bones, bone marrow, lymph, and the reproductive fluids. Once we know which part is out of balance, then it is easy to balance the affected area.

How to Balance Vata Dosha

Vata dosha one of the doshas that mainly predominates movements in the body and activities of the nervous system. People with vata dosha are the kinds who are always on the go, have a creative mind and are full of vivacity and energy. The qualities of vata dosha include cold, dry quick, moving, changeable, lively and enthusiastic. They usually have a lean body and are blessed with great amount of agility.

Physical Characteristics of Vata Dosha:

  • Thin/ light body frame

  • Sensitive digestion

  • Energetic

  • Dry skin & hair

  • Cold hands & feet

  • Sudden bouts of fatigue & tiredness

When vata is balanced, energy flows into the body and people with vata dosha can be seen being on their toes all the time. But when vata imbalance happens, they can experience physical/bodily issues like constipation, hypertension, weakness, arthritis, restlessness and other stomach or digestion related problems. Therefore, vata pacifying foods and a diet of fresh cooked meals or food that are soft & mushy are recommended by our Indian Ayurveda practices to keep the vata balanced. Read more on how to improve digestion.

How to Balance Vata Dosha:

Vata is cold and dry and so a vata pacifying diet of foods that can neutralize this is suggested. Regular intake of foods that are warm, oily, moist, smooth and nourishing can negate the impact of vata imbalance in the body. Practicing Vata Dosha Yoga can also prove helpful.

List of Vata Pacifying Foods:

Vata pacifying diet you should consume:

Hot soups & stews; hot fluids that are not cooler than room temperature, ghee, nuts, avocado, coconut, olives, buttermilk, cheese, eggs, whole milk, wheat; moist foods like melons, berries, zucchini, squash and yogurt; warm spices like ginger, turmeric, cinnamon, flaxseeds etc.; sweet forms the foundation of a vata pacifying diet so gorge but only in moderation on sweet things.

Vata imbalance diet to avoid:

Cold and carbonated drinks, raw or uncooked fruits & vegetables, frozen foods and drinks, leftovers from the refrigerator.

How to Reduce Vata:

In a nutshell, if how to balance vata dosha with food is the question that needs immediate attention, here are few quick things to keep in mind:

  • Avoid cold foods & drinks and go for warmth

  • Favour nourishing foods over light food

  • Smooth over rough always aids in combating the problem of vata imbalance

  • Moist over oily and dry food is the best way to keep your vata balanced & strong

  • Say no to raw or undercooked meals if you are seeking a definitive answer to the question of how to balance vata dosha

How to balance vata dosha using regular vata diet:

When it comes to balancing vata, how and what you eat plays a very important role. Vata thrives when you eat in a soothing and peaceful environment and by paying full attention to your meal. A vata diet is nothing but a combination of highly nourishing and fulfilling food items that will improve your appetite, aid proper digestion, support elimination and nourish your body.

Here are few suggestive vata pacifying foods meals that you can take through the day and find the answer to your how to reduce vata:


It is one of the most important meals of the day that can elevate your mood and energies your body for the rigors of the day. After a night of fasting, vata needs nourishment. To set the body in motion and to make it agile, you should follow the below given vata pacifying diet.

  • A wholesome meal of eggs, avocado, buttered toast & sautéed veggies

  • Hot cereals like porridge, oat meals, rice pudding and a glass of hot milk

  • Bread spread with maple syrup, almond butter, honey, cinnamon or even ginger & cloves is a delicious way to kick start the day


Keeping your lunch time meal nourishing and hearty will help find answers to the question of how to control vata and also keep you away from reaching out for those in between meal snacks. For a vata pacifying diet, you must try include the below mentioned things in your lunch.

  • Start with a small salad of cooked beans, mung dal and coconut tossed in a tangy dressing of lemon and vinegar

  • Steamed rice, veggies, fish is also a great option

  • For those who like their meals to be a little more elaborate, a vata diet of pesto, pasta, potato leek soup, baked tofu, cheese and pine nuts is also a great option


Wondering how to balance vata? Keep your dinner light and simple. A nourishing yet small meal at night can go a great deal in keeping your vata controlled and balanced. Try the below given vata diet for maximum effects.

Soups made of carrots, potato, mushroom or any vegetable you prefer

Baked potato, sweet potato, beans or any other light variant

Vata dosha home remedies:

If you are experiencing problems like dry skin, constipation, disturbed sleep, dizziness, weight loss and decreased strength; there are chances you have suffered from vata imbalance. To tackle the problem of how to balance vata, you must practice the below given vata dosha home remedies on a regular basis.

  • External treatments to cure vata imbalance:

  • Wear warm and layered clothes

  • Administer regular body and head massages

  • Avoid fasting or going empty stomach for long

  • Take regular steam baths

  • Practice mild purification procedures like basti or vamana

Vata Dosha Treatment :

  • Dry roast asafetida and add it to buttermilk. Drink this delicious vata diet drink through the day for effective results.

  • 1-2 gms of jaggery can be consumed daily to combat the issue of how to balance vata.

  • A glass of warm water mixed with a teaspoon of ginger powder can be had first thing in the morning on an empty stomach. This ill not only balance vata dosha but also keep you hydrated through the day.

  • Eat a mix of a pinch of nutmeg powder mixed with honey in the morning. No more will you be bothered with how to balance vata.

  • Consumption of papaya and pomegranate fruits daily is an integral part of the vata diet. It will relieve you of the problem of constipation and also the question of how to balance vata. Read more about natural remedies for constipation.

  • Including garlic, ginger and nutmeg in your everyday cooking can help you balance your vata dosha.

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